Conditions & Treatments


Shedding 50 to 100 hairs a day is normal. When a hair is shed, it is replaced by a new hair from the same follicle and the growing cycle starts again. Scalp hair grows about one-half inch a month. As people age, the rate of hair growth slows.


Hair problems may be due to cosmetic causes, such as excessive shampooing and blow-drying, or due to underlying diseases, such as thyroid problems.


Halitosis is an oral health condition characterized by consistently odorous breath.


There are many common hand problems that can interfere with activities of daily living (ADLs),


Hand-foot-mouth disease is an illness caused by a virus that results in a distinctive rash - small, blister-like bumps in the mouth, hands, and feet.


Thyroiditis is the inflammation of the thyroid gland. Hashimoto's thyroiditis is the most common form of thyroiditis.


Cancer that starts in any part of the head or neck (except the brain or eye) is called head and neck cancer.


A head injury is a broad term that describes a vast array of injuries that occur to the scalp, skull, brain, and underlying tissue and blood vessels in the head.


A headache is pain or discomfort in the head or face area.


A heart attack occurs when one or more regions of the heart muscle experience a severe or prolonged lack of oxygen caused by blocked blood flow to the heart muscle.


Heart failure, also called congestive heart failure, is a condition in which the heart cannot pump enough oxygenated blood to meet the needs of the body's other organs.


Heart murmurs are additional sounds made by blood flowing through the heart as it beats. Many murmurs are harmless (innocent), but some abnormal murmurs might signal a heart problem.


The heart’s valves can have one of two malfunctions - regurgitation (when the valve does not completely close) or stenosis (a narrowing of the valve).


H. pylori is a spiral-shaped bacterium found in the stomach, which (along with acid secretion) damages stomach and duodenal tissue, causing inflammation and peptic ulcers.


Hematuria is the presence of red blood cells (RBCs) in the urine.


Hemifacial microsomia (HFM) is a condition in which the tissue on one side of the face is underdeveloped, usually affecting the ear, mouth) and jaw areas.


Hemochromatosis, also called iron overload disease, is one of the most common genetic disorder in the US.


Hemolytic anemia is a disorder in which the red blood cells are destroyed faster than the bone marrow can produce them.


Hemolytic uremic syndrome is a rare condition that mostly affects children under the age of 10. It is often characterized by damage to the lining of blood vessel walls, destruction of red blood cells, and kidney failure.


Hemophilia is an inherited bleeding, or coagulation, disorder. Children with hemophilia lack the ability to stop bleeding because of the low levels, or complete absence, of specific proteins, called "factors," in their blood that are necessary for clotting.


Hemorrhoids are blood vessels, normally present in and around the anus and lower rectum, that have become swollen due to stretching under pressure.


Hepatitis A is a highly contagious and sometimes serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus.


Hepatitis B is a blood-borne microorganism transmitted by exposure to the hepatitis B virus through infectious body fluids.


Hepatitis C (once called non-A, non-B hepatitis) is a liver disease caused by a recently identified blood-borne virus.


Hereditary breast ovarian cancer syndrome is an abnormal version of the gene BRCA1 or BRCA2, which increases a person’s risk of developing various types of cancer


Herpangina is an illness caused by a virus, characterized by small blister-like bumps or ulcers that appear in the mouth, usually in the back of throat or the roof of the mouth. The child often has a high fever with the illness.


Cold sores are small blisters around the mouth, caused by the herpes simplex virus. Some children and adults never experience any symptoms with the first attack; others have severe flu-like symptoms and ulcers in and around the mouth.


A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of the stomach pushes up into the chest through a small opening in the diaphragm, the muscle that separates the stomach from the chest.


Blood pressure, measured with a blood pressure cuff and stethoscope by a nurse or other health care provider, is the force of the blood pushing against the artery walls. Hip Fracture


A hip fracture is a break in the femur (thigh bone) of the hip joint.


The following are some of the most common hip problems: arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, traumatic arthritis, avascular necrosis, bursitis, and hip pointer.


Hirschsprung's disease occurs when some of the nerve cells that are normally present in the intestine do not form properly while a baby is developing during pregnancy.


HIV/AIDS is a syndrome that kills cells of the immune system, impairing the body’s ability to fight infection.


Hodgkin disease is a type of lymphoma, a cancer in the lymphatic system.


Huntington’s disease (HD) is a progressive, inherited, neurodegenerative disease that affects muscle coordination and results in movement, cognitive and psychiatric disorders.


A hydrocele occurs from an accumulation of fluid in the tunica vaginalis (a thin pouch that holds the testes within the scrotum).

  • Hydrocephalus is a condition in which there is excessive fluid in and around the brain.



Hyperhidrosis is excessive sweating that can affect the entire body.


Hyperparathyroidism is caused by overactive parathyroid glands. Overactive parathyroid glands produce too much parathyroid hormones, which in turn stimulate increased levels of calcium in the blood stream.


Hyperthyroidism means overactivity of the thyroid gland, resulting in too much thyroid hormone in the bloodstream.


Hypoglycemia is a condition characterized by a glucose (blood sugar) level that is too low to effectively fuel the body's blood cells.


Underactive parathyroid glands do not produce enough parathyroid hormones. This causes low levels of calcium in the blood.


Hypopituitarism, also called an underactive pituitary gland, is a condition that affects the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland - usually resulting in a partial or complete loss of functioning of that lobe.


Hypospadias is a malformation that affects the urethral tube and the foreskin on a male's penis. It is a disorder that primarily affects male newborns.


Hypothyroidism is the condition in which the thyroid is underactive (i.e., it is producing an insufficient amount of thyroid hormones).


Hypothyroidism is a condition marked by an underactive thyroid gland and may occur during pregnancy