Conditions & Treatments


Salmonella infections are diarrheal infections caused by the bacteria Salmonella.


Scabies is an infestation of mites (tiny insects) characterized by small, red bumps and intense itching.


A scar is the body's natural way of healing and replacing lost or damaged skin.


Schizophrenia is one of the most complex of all mental health disorders. It involves a severe, chronic, and disabling disturbance of the brain.


Sciatica, also known as lumbar radiculopathy, is a pain that originates along the sciatic nerve, which extends from the back of the pelvis down the back of the thigh.


Scleroderma, also called systemic sclerosis, is a chronic, degenerative disease that affects the joints, skin, and internal organs.


A spine affected by scoliosis shows evidence of a lateral, or sideways, curvature, and a rotation of the back bones (vertebrae), giving the appearance that the person is leaning to one side.


Seasonal affective disorder, or SAD, is a mood disorder characterized by depression related to a certain season of the year - especially winter.


Sebaceous cysts are harmless, slow-growing bumps under the skin, often appearing on the scalp, face, ears, back, or groin area.


Seborrheic dermatitis is an inflammation of the upper layers of skin, characterized by red, itchy skin that sheds scales.


Sepsis is a term for severe infection that is present in the blood and spreads throughout the body. In newborns, it is also called sepsis neonatorum or neonatal septicemia.


Septic arthritis is an infection in the joint fluid and joint tissues.


Septicemia is the clinical name for blood poisoning.


Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a rapidly spreading, potentially fatal infectious viral disease.


Sexually transmitted diseases are infectious diseases transmitted through sexual contact.


Shin splints are pains at the front of the lower legs caused by exercise, often after a period of inactivity.


Shingles, or herpes zoster, is a common viral infection of the nerves, which results in a painful rash of small blisters on an area of skin anywhere on the body.


Dislocation of the shoulder means the displacement of the upper arm bone (humerus) out of the shoulder joint.


Common shoulder problems include the following: dislocation, separation, bursitis, impingement syndrome, tendonitis, rotator cuff tear, adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder), and fracture.


Tendonitis of the shoulder is an inflammation of the rotator cuff and/or biceps tendon.


Sickle cell disease is an inherited blood disorder characterized by defective hemoglobin (a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to the tissues of the body).


Sinusitis is an infection of the sinuses near the nose. These infections usually occur after a cold or after an allergic inflammation.


Skin cancer is a malignant tumor that grows in the skin cells and accounts for more than 50 percent of all cancers.


There are many different types of lesions and skin conditions that can be treated with laser surgery.


Skin color is determined by a pigment (melanin) made by specialized cells in the skin (melanocytes). Some disorders which affect skin color are: albinism, melasma, pigment loss after skin damage, and vitiligo.


Sleep apnea is a serious breathing disorder that causes brief interruptions of breathing during sleep.


Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a condition of the hip joint that affects children.


Snoring is the sound that occurs during sleep when flow of air is obstructed in the area where the tongue and upper throat meet the soft palate and uvula.


Many activities can lead to soft-tissue damage of muscles, ligaments, and tendons.


Sore nipples are probably the most common difficulty mothers have when breastfeeding.


Spasmodic dysphonia, also called laryngeal dystonia, is a voice disorder. It is characterized by involuntary spasms or movements in the muscles of the larynx, which causes the voice to break, and have a tight, strained, or strangled sound.


Spina bifida, also called myelodysplasia, is a condition in which there is abnormal development of the back bones, spinal cord, surrounding nerves, and the fluid-filled sac that surrounds the spinal cord.


Acute spinal cord injury (SCI) is due to a traumatic injury that can either result in a bruise (also called a contusion), a partial tear, or a complete tear (called a transection) in the spinal cord.


The majority of sports injuries are caused by minor trauma involving muscles, ligaments, and/or tendons, including contusions (bruises), sprains and strains.


Squamous cell skin cancer (sometimes referred to as non-melanoma carcinoma) may appear as nodules, or as red, scaly patches of skin.


Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome is a response to a staphylococcal infection and is characterized by peeling skin.


An ulcer is an open sore, or lesion, usually found on the skin or mucous membrane areas of the body.


Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is cancer that starts in any part of the stomach.


Stridor is a high-pitched sound that is usually heard best when a child breathes in. It is usually caused by an obstruction or narrowing in your child's upper airway.


Stroke, also called brain attack, occurs when blood flow to the brain is disrupted.


Stuttering, sometimes referred to as stammering or diffluent speech, is a speech disorder.


There are three different terms used to define substance-related disorders, including substance abuse, substance dependence, and chemical dependence.


Symptoms of multiple pregnancy may include: uterus is larger than expected for the dates in pregnancy, increased morning sickness, increased appetite, excessive weight gain - especially in early pregnancy, or fetal movements felt in different parts of abdomen at same time.


Systemic lupus erythematosus, also known as SLE, or simply lupus, involves periodic episodes of inflammation of and damage to the joints, tendons, other connective tissues, and organs, including the heart, lungs, blood vessels, brain, kidneys and skin.