Conditions & Treatments


Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are disorders of the jaw muscles, temporomandibular joints, and/or the nerves associated with chronic facial pain.


Two major problems associated with tendons include tendonitis and tenosynovitis.


Cancer that develops in a testicle is called testicular cancer.


Testicular torsion is a twisting of the testicles and the spermatic cord (the structure extending from the groin to the testes that contains nerves, ducts, and blood vessels).


Tetanus is an acute, sometimes fatal, disease of the central nervous system, caused by the toxin of the tetanus bacterium, which usually enters the body through an open wound.


Thalassemia is an inherited disorder that affects the production of normal hemoglobin (a type of protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to the tissues in the body).


A thoracic aortic aneurysm, also called TAA, is a bulging, weakened area in the wall of the thoracic aorta (the largest artery in the body), resulting in an abnormal widening or ballooning.


Thrombocythemia is a myeloproliferative disorder. It is characterized by the production of too many platelets in the bone marrow.


Thrombosis occurs when clots obstruct veins (blood vessels that carry blood from the body back into the heart) or arteries (blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the body).


Candidiasis is an infection caused by yeast on the skin and mucous membranes. When the infection occurs in the mouth, it is called thrush.


A thyroglossal duct cyst is a neck mass or lump that develops from cells and tissues remaining after the formation of the thyroid gland during embryonic development. It is most commonly diagnosed in preschool-aged children or during mid-adolescence.


The thyroid gland, which plays an important role in the body's metabolism, secretes several hormones: thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), and calcitonin.


Thyroid tumors are either benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous) growths.


Tibial torsion is an inward twisting of the shin bones. Tibial torsion causes the child's feet to turn inward, or have what is also known as a "pigeon-toed" appearance.


Different fungi, depending on their location on the body, cause ringworm. Ringworm is characterized by ring-shaped, red, scaly patches with clearing centers.


Different fungi, depending on their location on the body, cause ringworm. Ringworm is characterized by ring-shaped, red, scaly patches with clearing centers.


Tonsillitis refers to the inflammation of a tonsil - the large, fleshy, oval masses of tissue that lie in the lateral wall of the oral pharynx on either side of the throat.


Meniscus tears can occur during a rotating movement while bearing weight, such as when twisting the upper leg while the foot stays in one place during sports and other activities.


Torticollis, also known as wryneck, is a twisting of the neck that causes the head to rotate and tilt at an odd angle.


Tourette's disorder (TD), sometimes called Tourette's syndrome (TS), is a neurological disorder characterized by multiple repeated tics.


Toxic epidermal necrolysis is a life-threatening skin disorder characterized by a blistering and peeling of the skin. This disorder can be caused by a drug reaction - frequently antibiotics or anticonvulsives.


Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) describes a cluster of symptoms that involve many systems of the body.


Tracheoesophageal fistula is an abnormal connection in one or more places between the esophagus and the trachea.


Traveler's diarrhea is a term used to describe the diarrhea caused by infection with bacteria, protozoa, or viruses ingested by consuming food or water that has been contaminated.


Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic bacterial infection that usually infects the lungs, although other organs are sometimes involved.


Type 1 diabetes may also be known by a variety of other names, including the following: insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), juvenile diabetes, brittle diabetes, and sugar diabetes.


Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder resulting from the body's inability to make enough, or to properly use, insulin.


Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited diseases that are characterized by weakness and wasting away of muscle tissue, with or without the breakdown of nerve tissue.


Typhoid fever is a life-threatening bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi (S. Typhi).